Ways to Prevent Miscarriage After IVF

IVF or in vitro fertilization may carry more risk of a miscarriage in comparison to miscarriage that may happen in a natural pregnancy. In a study, it was established that the risk of miscarriage for women who conceive naturally ranges from 15 to 20 percent, whereas the chances of miscarriage in women who underwent IVF and got pregnant with a single child is 22 percent  Here are some ways to prevent miscarriage after IVF.

  1. A hysteroscopy is a procedure done in a doctor’s office that takes between 5 - 30 minutes. A thin, lighted tube that is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and inside of the uterus. It is more effective than an ultrasound scan at detecting uterine problems that could be a barrier to conception, and a cause of miscarriage after an IVF pregnancy. You can request that this procedure be done to ensure uterine growths and damage is not present before IVF.

  2. Take your medications religiously by setting alarms and creating a schedule that you follow at the same time each day. Post-IVF medications will most likely include estrogens and progesterone but it is also common to be prescribed Prednisone, baby aspirin and Clexane. You will reduce your changes of miscarriage by following your medication regime exactly until you are advised to wean off after about 12 weeks of pregnancy.

    “Infections can cause miscarriage, so be aware of them before and after your IVF cycle. Get tested for STDs, obviously. Toxoplasmosis, catchable from unwashed vegetables and cat faeces, can trigger miscarriage – so don’t touch the cat and wash your fruit and veg thoroughly. Listeria and general infections can also cause miscarriage, as can rubella: check you had the MMR jab or the single injection. If you have uncontrolled diabetes (okay, not an infection), this can cause miscarriage too. So take a diabetes blood test before your planned IVF cycle.” Read more.

  3. Several medical studies show that when celiac disease is undiagnosed, women are twice as likely to suffer repeated miscarriages. But when a diagnosis is made and those same women who adhere to a gluten free diet, it improve their chances of carrying to term. Interestingly, positive celiac disease tests are more common among women who previously had been diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome, but they also occur in women who don't report gastrointestinal symptoms. Read more.

  4. Believe it or not, getting into good physical shape through diet, exercise and lifestyle changes before, during and after IVF will greatly reduce your risk of miscarriage after IVF. Quit smoking. Reduce alcohol, refined sugars and processed foods. Exercise moderately and regularly. Engage in stress relieving activities. Get enough sleep.

Read more ways to avoid a miscarriage after IVF here.

Michael Hickey